Adjective shortcut rules

Adjectives 
विशेषण

Basic Definition of Adjective : 

Simply we can say that Adjectives are describing words. Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns.

Examples :

Sizes : big, small, large, thin, thick

Shapes : triangular, round, square, circular

Colors : black, blue, white, green, red

Personality : happy, sad, angry, depressed

Time : Yearly , monthly, annually

Ages : new, young, old, brand-new, second-hand

Sounds : Loud, noisy, quiet, silent

Tastes : juicy, sweet

Qualities : good, bad, mediocre

Now lets have a look at the Rules on Adjectives :


Shortcut Rule 1 : In a comparision, the conjunction 'than' should be followed by 'any other' If a 
person / thing is compared with any other person / thing among some / many.
  • Mumbai is greater than any city in India. ☓
  • Mumbai is greater than any other city in India. ✔
Shortcut Rule 2 : In comparisons, the monosyllable words like "hot / easy / tall / small" should not be used with more / most.

  • This question is more easier than that. ✔
  • This question is easier than that. ✔

  • He is more taller than Kumar. ☓
  • He is taller than Kumar. ✔
Shortcut Rule 3 :

Elder / Eldest should be used with the members of the same family. 
Elder / Eldest हमेशा अपने परिवार के बड़े बुजुगों के लिए उपयोग होता हैं
Elder / Eldest these comparative adjective denote the age of person / thing.
Elder / Eldest ये किसी भी बड़े बुजुर्गों के उपयोग होता हैं खासकर जिससे कोई रिश्ता ना हो। 
Ex : 
  • He is elder to me. (He and me belong to one family).
  • Ronald Reagan was the oldest person elected to the Presidency in US history(Not specifying a family)
  • This is the eldest tree in the garden ☓
  • This is the oldest tree in the garden. ✔
Shortcut Rule 4 : While comparing the objects, we should see that a noun is compared with another 
but not with some other word.

  • The population of Hyderabad is greater than Nagpur ☓
  • The population of Hyderabad is greater than that of Nagpur ✔
                       (OR) 
  • The population of Hyderabad is greater than the population of Nagpur. ✔

  • The climate of Ooty is better than Chennai. ☓
  • The climate of Ooty is better than that of Chennai. ✔

Shortcut Rule 5 :

One, Two, Three etc. are called Cardinal Numbers. First, Second, Third etc are called Ordinal Numbers. In usage the Ordinal number is used in the First 
Place.

Cardinals Numbers - one two three four five
Ordinals Numbers - first, second, third,fourth, fifth

Trick: CO (Cardinal ordinal) 

Exm:
  • The five first chapters of this book are very interesting.☓
  • The first five chapters of this book are very interesting. ✔
Shortcut Rule 6 : The following comparative adjectives should be used 'to' in comparison but not 'than'. (More / Most should not be used).
Interior / Superior / Junior / Senior / Anterior / Posterior etc.

  • They are senior than me ☓
  • They are senior to me. ✔
  • She is more senior to me ☓
  • She is senior to me ✔
Shortcut Rule 7 : After 'comparatively / relatively' an adjective under positive degree should be used.
  • The weather is comparatively hotter today ☓
  • The weather is comparatively hot today. ✔
Shortcut Rule 8 : After 'prefer / preferable' instead of than, 'to' should be used.
  • She prefers milk than coffee ☓
  • She prefers milk to coffee ✔
  • Winter is preferable than summer ☓
  • Winter is preferable to summer ✔
Shortcut Rule 9 : More / Most should not be used with 'excellent / unique / perfect / major / complete / round / golden etc.
  • It is more excellent ☓
  • It is excellent ✔
Shortcut Rule 10 : When we compare two qualities in the same person, we should say
  • 'Neha is more wise than strong'
Shortcut Rule 11 : When two adjectives in different degrees of comparision are used in the same 
sentence, each should be complete in itself.
  • He is as good if not better than his brother ☓
  • He is as good as if not better than his brother ✔

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