Adverb Shortcut Rules

Adverbs 
क्रियाविशेषण

What are Adverbs?
An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. It "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb.
Lets try to understand this with a small example.

Adverb Example: 

Sunaina walks gracefully (The word 'gracefully' is an adverb. It modifies the verb 'to walk'.) 
   'Gracefully' - adverb 
'Walk'- verb


Shortcut Rule 1 : The adverbs 'too much' is used with nouns and 'much too' is used with adjectives.

Too much pain / Too much insincerity (Nouns)

Much too painful / much too careless (Adjectives)

Examples :

  • His failure is too much painful for me ☓
  • His failure is much too painful for me ✔
  • His wife's rude behavior gives him much too pain ☓
  • His wife's rude behavior gives him too much pain ✔
Shortcut Rule 2 : Before the word 'Enough' an adjective under positive form should be used. 

  • He is more intelligent enough to follow you. ☓
  • He is intelligent enough to follow you. ✔
  • She is enough lucky to get the job. ☓
  • She lucky enough to get the job. ✔
Shortcut Rule 3 : The adverb quite ('quite means perfectly/ completely) should not be used with the adjective 'Handsome'.
Quite का मतलब होता हैं perfectly completely तो इसका प्रयोग  adjective "handsome" के साथ नही हो सकता। 

  • He is quite handsome. ☓
  • He is very handsome. ✔
Shortcut Rule 4 : Late / Lately. The adverb 'late' indicates time and lately means recently. 

Late-समय इंगित करता है
Lately-हाल ही में

  • He was punished for coming lately. ☓
  • He was punished for coming late. ✔
Shortcut Rule 5 : When we begin a sentence with 'seldom / never / hardly / rarely / scarcely / barely / neither / never, the rule of inversion should be applied (i.e.,) an auxiliary verb is used  before the subject. 
  1. Seldom कभी कभी
  2. Never कभी नहीँ
  3. Hardly मुश्किल से
  4.  Rarely शायद ही कभी
  5. Scarcely शायद ही
  6. Barely मुश्किल से
  7. Neither न
  8.  Never कभी नही

  • Hardly he goes to school. ☓
  • Hardly does he go to school. ✔
  • Seldom I got to films. ☓
  • Seldom do I got to films. ✔
  • No sooner the school bell rings than all the boys go to their class rooms. ☓ 
  • No sooner does the school bell ring, than all the boys go to their class rooms. 
After Only + adverbial expression.
  • Only by working hard, he got success. ☓
  • Only by working hard, did he get success. ✔
  • Not only but also
  • Not only she reads but also she writes. ☓
  • Not only does she read but also writes. ✔
Shortcut Rule 6 : The adverbial phrase 'No less than' should be used with uncountable nouns whereas 'No fewer than' is used with countable nouns. 
  • There were no less than forty people who were killed in the accident. ☓ 
  • No fewer than forty people were killed in accident. ✔
Shortcut Rule 7 : The adverb (As) is not used after
call and consider.
  • He called me as a fool ☓
  • He called me a fool. ✔
  • I always consider him as my brother. ☓
  • I always consider him my brother. ✔
Shortcut Rule 8 : The derived adjectives such as interested / pleased / satisfied / delighted are used with 'much' but not 'very'.
  • I am very interested to play cricket. ☓
  • I am much interested to play cricket. ✔
Shortcut Rule 9 : The adverb 'very' is used with positive adjectives and 'much' with comparative adjective forms.
  • He is very clever to understand it. ✔
  • He is much clever to understand it. ☓
Shortcut Rule 10 : 'Very much' should be used with comparative forms.
  • It is very much better to stay here tonight. ✔

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