Preposition Shortcuts rules

Prepositions 

Shortcut Rule 1 : Across पार

Across - On the opposite side of 
My Cousin lives across the river.✔
Across - From one side to another
The boy swam across the river ✔
Across - both sides
  • He threw the luggage across his shoulders ✔
Come Across संयोग से मिल जाना - means meet accidentally / suddenly

  • When I was going to market, I came across an old friend. ✔
  • I suddenly came across him ☓
  • I came across him. ✔
Shortcut Rule 2 : 
Between के बीच
Used for two persons / things.
  • She is sitting between munni and sheela. ✔
Among के बीच में
Used with more than two persons / things
  • The principal distributed prizes among the winners ✔
Amid or Amidst के बीच और बीच में

Used for more than two persons / things (groups)
  • Amid his friends ✔
  • It was hard to hear amid all the cheering. ✔
Shortcut Rule 3 :
During दौरान- denotes duration.
  • During the war, many people suffered hardship. ✔
  • We go to Darjeeling during summer every year. ✔
Shortcut Rule 4 :

From से- is used with past / future tenses.
  • I stayed there from Monday to Wednesday. ✔
  • I will start my preparation from Monday next. ✔
Shortcut Rule 5 : 
Of का- denotes origin / cause
  • She comes of a rich family (origin) ✔
  • He died of Malaria (cause) but she died in an accident. ✔
Off बंद- denotes 'separation'

  • A button has come off. ✔
  • He is off duty today. ✔
Shortcut Rule 6 : After a preposition, a pronoun under objective case should be used.
  • He depends on I. ☓
  • He depends on me. ✔
Shortcut Rule 7 : When two words are connected by 'and / or' etc., the prepositions should be mentioned clearly to be used with them.

  • He was surprised at as well as pleased with her performance. ✔
  • She is conscious and engaged in her work. ☓
  • She is conscious of and engaged in her work ✔
Shortcut Rule 8 : No preposition should be used with the noun 'Home' except when it is followed by an adjective in the possessive case, say go to home / arrive home / reach home / get home.
  • I went to his home / He went home. ✔
  • He decided to go to Krishna's home. ✔
Shortcut Rule 9 : After transitive verbs such as 'Discuss/Describe/reach/order/tell/demand/attach/resemble/ridicule etc. no preposition is used. The verbs directly take an object.

  • The poet describes about the beauty of nature.☓
  • The poet describes the beauty of nature. ✔
  • He ordered for two cups of tea. ☓
  • He ordered two cups of tea. ✔
Shortcut Rule 10 : After the verbs "Say / suggest / propose / speak / explain / reply / complain /talk / listen / write" the proposition "to" should be used if any object is used. 
  • He did not reply me. ☓
  • He did not reply to me. ✔
  • You never wrote me. ☓
  • You never wrote to me. ✔
  • He suggested her that she should eat less. ☓
  • He suggested to her that she should eat less. ✔
Shortcut Rule 11 :

Since जबसे- Denotes point of time
For के लिये- denotes period of time.

They should be used with present tense or the present perfect continuous tense / past perfect tense  
/ past perfect continuous tenses.

  • I know her since 2011. ☓
  • I have known her since 2011. ✔
  • He is working in the bank for the past 3 years. ☓
  • He has been working in the bank for the past 3 years. ✔ 
Shortcut Rule 12 : After the verb "Enter" the preposition "into" should not be used except  when it is used with reference to agreement or  
conversation.
  • He entered into the premises without any permission. ☓ 
  • He entered the premises without any permission. ✔
  • They entered a hot discussion. ☓
  • They entered into a hot discussion. ✔
Shortcut Rule 13 :

Wait for – Await
के लिए इंतजार - का इंतजार
  • He is awaiting for the reply. ☓
  • He is awaiting the reply. ✔
Despite - inspite of 

  • Despite of his hard work, he failed in the examination. ☓ 
  • Despite his hard work he failed in the examination. ✔
Comprises-consists of
  • This book comprises of 5 chapters. ☓
  • This book comprises 5 chapters. ✔ 
  • This book consists of 5 chapters. ✔ 
Shortcut Rule 14 :

Dispose of - Sell away.

  • He disposed off his scooter. ☓
  • He disposed of his scooter. ✔

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