Pronoun Shortcuts Rules

 Pronoun 

Shortcut Rule 1 : We should use the personal pronouns in the order of 231 for good results ( I mean, Second Person, Third Person, First 
Person).

हमें पर्सनल सर्वनाम का इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए
अच्छे परिणामों के लिए 231 के क्रम में सर्वनाम (मेरा
मतलब, दूसरा व्यक्ति, तीसरा व्यक्ति, पहला व्यक्ति) 
अगर तीन व्यक्ति का के बारे मे बताना हो तो 231 फार्मूला लागू करेंगे। 

 Have a look at the following Examples.

I, He and You are to finish it. ☓
You, He and I are to finish it. ✔

The order 123 (First Person, Second Person and Third Person) is also possible when we admit guilt. 

क्रम 123 (प्रथम व्यक्ति, दूसरा व्यक्ति और
 तीसरा व्यक्ति) भी संभव है जब हम अपराध स्वीकार करते हैं।

I, You and He have committed the Sin. ✔


Shortcut Rule 2 : A Pronoun in the nominative form should be compared with the same form of the pronoun. 

सर्वनाम में एक सर्वनाम की तुलना सर्वनाम के एक ही रूप के साथ की जानी चाहिए।

He is better than I (am) (Two Nominatives are compared) ✔

I respect you more than him (Two objectives are 
compared) ✔

Shortcut Rule 3 : A Pronoun in the objective case is used after "Let / Between / Any Preposition" 

उद्देश्य मामले में एक सर्वनाम का उपयोग "let / Between / any preposition" के बाद किया जाता है

Let you and me play (You and me are objects) ✔
There is no dispute between you and me. ✔


Shortcut Rule 4 : When a pronoun stands for a collective noun, it should be used in the singular form. 

जब एक सर्वनाम एक सामूहिक संज्ञा के लिए खड़ा होता है, तो इसका उपयोग एकवचन रूप में किया जाना चाहिए।

The army has left its Head Quarters (As a Whole) ✔
The committee were divided in their opinion
(Separate Individuals) ✔


Shortcut Rule 5 : When two singular nouns are joined by "and", refer to the same person, the pronoun used in their place should be singular in form.

जब दो एकवचन संज्ञा से जुड़ते हैं "and" एक ही व्यक्ति के संदर्भ में, उनके स्थान पर प्रयुक्त सर्वनाम एकल रूप में होना चाहिए । 

The Collector and Magistrate has done his best. ✔

But the collector and the Magistrate have done their best. ✔


Shortcut Rule 6 : A singular pronoun should be used when two singular nouns are joined by either or / neither nor {एक विलक्षण सर्वनाम का उपयोग तब किया जाना चाहिए जब दो एकवचन संज्ञा either or (या तो) / neither nor  (या न तो) में शामिल हों}

Either Ravi or Gopal should do his duty ✔

Shortcut Rule 7 : A pronoun in the plural form should be used when two nouns of different members are joined by "or" or "nor".

Either the Principal or his teachers have attended
their duty. ✔


Shortcut Rule 8 : The distributive pronouns "Either / Neither / None / Any / No one" are used with  singular verbs. 

Either / Neither ........................Used for two Person / Things 

None / No one / Any ................ Used for more than  two person / things. 

Any ............................Used for more than two persons / things. Have a look at some examples. 

Either of the two girls is diligent. ✔

Neither of the brothers is quarrelsome. ✔

None of the four sisters is intelligent. ✔

Any of the four men can do it. ✔


Shortcut Rule 9 : The Reciprocal pronouns "Each other / One another"

Each other - For two persons
One another - For more than two persons.

पारस्परिक सर्वनाम मे "Each other / One another"

Each other -दो व्यक्तियों के लिए। 
One another -दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों के लिए। 


Example:-
The two sister hate each other.
The five brother love one another.

Shortcut Rule 10 : The indefinite pronoun "One" should be used as "One's" for its possessive case.
 
Example:-

One should love one's country. ✔


Shortcut Rule 11 : The verbs such as "Hurt / Cheat / Prostrate / Introduce / Present / Absent / Satisfy / Prepare / Enjoy / Avail of" are followed by either "an" object or "a" reflexive pronoun. 
(Myself / Ourselves / Yourself / Yourselves) 

(Himself / Herself / Itself / Themselves)

I introduced her to the Principal (Her.........object) ✔
I introduced myself to the Principal 
(Myself.........Reflexive pronoun) ✔
He enjoyed the party (Party............Object) ✔
He enjoyed himself at the Party 
(Himself.................Reflexive Pronoun) ✔

Shortcut Rule 12 : The use of Relative Pronouns :
Who................. for Persons
This is the boy who is diligent.
Which .................for Things.
The book which is in the shelf is mine.
That ................. is used both for persons and things.
One boy who stole my purse was a student ✔
The boy that stole my purse was a student. ✔

As a relative pronoun "That" is used with superlative Adjective / Only / Any / Nothing / Some / All / None"
All that glitters is not gold (हर चमकती चीज सोना नहीं होती) 

This is the best thing that I can do(यह सबसे अच्छी चीज है जो मैं कर सकता हूं) 


Shortcut Rule 13 : The word "Who" as a relative pronoun is used in the nominative case, takes a verb.

शब्द "कौन" एक रिश्तेदार सर्वनाम के रूप में नाममात्र मामले में उपयोग किया जाता है, एक क्रिया करता है। 

Example:-
The Principal who came here was Raju's Brother.

The word "Whom" as a relative pronoun is used in the objective case (takes no verb)

The doctor whom I met yesterday was Krishna's Father

Shortcut Rule 14 : Agreement of the verb with its antecedent in number and person. 
संख्या और व्यक्ति में इसके पूर्ववर्ती के साथ क्रिया का समझौता।
 
Example:-
I who is your brother must trust you ☓
I who am your brother must trust you. ✔
You who is my friend ☓
You who are my friend ✔


Shortcut Rule 15 : If a pronoun is to be placed after "to be", the pronoun in the subjective case is used.

यदि एक सर्वनाम को "होना" के बाद रखा जाना है, तो व्यक्तिपरक मामले में सर्वनाम का उपयोग किया जाता है।

It is Him ☓
It is He ✔

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