Verb shortcut rules

Verbs 

Shortcut Rule 1 : If the subject is of the third person, singular number (He, She, It) add 'S' or 'es / ies' to the first form of the verb to make it singular number. 
  1. She plays the violin every day.
  2. He loves his parents
  3. The dog barks at the people.
  4. The bird flies in the Sky.
  5. He does his duty.
Shortcut Rule 2 : The following verbs are not usually used in the continuous form. See / Smell /  Feel / Hear / Notice / Recognize / See / Think /  
Agree / Believe / Consider / Remember / Hope / Understand / Mind / Suppose / Hate / Love /  Know / Have / Want / Forgive / Keep / Prevent  
etc. But they may be used in continuous forms in a particular cases. 
  1. See देख
  2. Agree इस बात से सहमत
  3. Believe मानना
  4. Consider विचार करें
  5. Remember याद है
  6. Hope  आशा
  7. Understand समझना
  8. Mind मन
  9.  Suppose मान लीजिए
  10. Hate नफरत
  11.  Love प्रेम
  12. Know जानना
  13. Have 
  14. Want चाहते हैं
  15. Forgive क्षमा करना
  16.  Keep रखना
  17. Prevent  रोकें
  18.  Smell गंध
  19. Feel मानना
  20. Hear सुनो
  21. Notice नोटिस
  22. Recognize पहचानना
  23. See  देख
  24. Think सोच
  • He is having a telephone connection. ☓ 
  • He has a telephone connection ✔ 
  • The flower is smelling sweet ☓ 
  • The flower smells sweet (you can say I am smelling this flower) ✔ 
  • The HR is seeing your application (Seeing - Examining) ✔(in particular situation) 
Shortcut Rule 3 : The present perfect tense should not be used with adverbs indicating past time.  
Instead the simple past tense should be used.
  • I have seen a film last night ☓
  • I saw a film last night. ✔

  • He has left for Hyderabad last week. ☓
  • He left for Hyderabad last week. ✔
Shortcut Rule 4 : The present perfect tense with "For or Since" is used to express an action began at some time in the past and is still continuing  
upto the time of speaking or just finished.
For ..............................period of time (for 2 days / for10 days / for a long time)
Since ..............................point of time. (Since 1996, Since morning, since yesterday, since last week)

  • I know him since 1986 ☓
  • I have know him since 1986 ✔

  • Our teacher is sick for the last two days ☓
  • Our teacher has been sick for the last two days. ✔
Shortcut Rule 5 :The present perfect continuous Tense" is also used for actions began in the past and are still continuing.

  • I am reading this novel since morning. ☓
  • I have been reading this novel since morning. ✔ 

  • They are going to English classes for the last one month. ☓
  • They have been going to English classes for the last one month. ✔
Shortcut Rule 6 : When the first action led to the second action immediately The simple Past Tense + Simple Past Tense are used.
 
Simple past tense+simple past tense
  • When he opened the gate, they came in. ✔
Shortcut Rule 7 : When the first action completed before the second one started, the Past Perfect Tense for the first finished action and the Simple 
Past Tense for the Second are used.

  • The patient had died before the doctor arrived. ✔
Shortcut Rule 8 : After negative sentences, the question tag used should be in an ordinary interrogative form.
  • She didn't like that book, didn't she? ☓
  • She did not like that book, did she? ✔

  • They have not told him the news, Haven't they? ☓
  • They have not told him the news, Have they? ✔
Shortcut Rule 9 : After Positive Statements, we use the negative interrogative.

  • I am a student, Am I? ☓
  • I am a student, Aren't I? ✔

  • Let's play for some Time, Shall We? ✔
  • He works hard, Does He? ☓
Shortcut Rule 10 : When the verb in the principal clause is in a past tense, the verbs in the subordinate clauses are normally in the Past Tense.

  • He said that He will pass the examination. ☓
  • He said that he would pass the examination. ✔
  • They told me that they have paid the fees. ☓
  • They told me that they had paid the fees. ✔
Shortcut Rule 11 : When the subordinate clause expresses a universal truth the past tense in the  
main clause may be followed by a Present Tense.
  • He said that the sun rose in the East. ☓
  • He said that the sun rises in the East. ✔
Shortcut Rule 12 : The Past Tense in the main clause may be followed by any tense after the conjunction "Than" in the subordinate clause.  
  • He worked faster than we do / did. ✔
Shortcut Rule 13 : In Conditional Sentences, to express improbability in the Present, the Simple  Past Tense in the if clause and the Present Conditional Tense in the main clause are used. 
  • If I am the Principal, I would Punish Him. ☓
  • If I were the Principal, I would Punish Him. ✔

  • If he is rich, he would buy a car. ☓
  • If he were rich, He would buy a car. ✔
Shortcut Rule 14 : To express unfulfilled condition in the Past, we should express with "Past Perfect  
Tense" in the if clause and Perfect Conditional Tense in the Main Clause. 
  • If you worked hard, you woul asad have passed in the examination. ☓ 
  • If you had worked hard, you would have passed in the examination. ✔ 
Shortcut Rule 15 : For the interrogative sentences
that begin with auxiliary verbs, "if or whether as
a connective word in indirect speech.

  • He said to me, "Are you going there?" ☓
  • He asked me if I was going there. ✔
  • He asked me that I was going there ✔
  • "Are they ready or not?" she said to me. ☓

  • She asked me whether they were ready. ✔
  • She asked me that they were ready or not. ✔

Shortcut Rule 16 : No other conjunction should beused as a connective word, in indirect speech
when the question indirect speech begins with "Why (or) How" question words.

  • He asked me that who my best friend was. ☓
  • He asked me who my best friend was. ✔
  • He asked me that How I got time to write all posts in my Blog. ☓
  • He asked me how I got time to write all posts in my Blog. ✔

Shortcut Rule 17 : No preposition is 
used after the verb "told"
  • He told me that he passed the examination. ☓
  • He told me that he had passed the examination. ✔


Shortcut Rule 18 : The question forms in direct 
speech should be changed to affirmative 
sentences in indirect speech.
  • The receptionist asked me who do I want to meet in the office. ☓
  • The receptionist asked me whom I wanted to meet in the office. ✔

Shortcut Rule 19 : The verb "Suggest" purpose in
indirect speech should be followed by "that 
clause" with the auxiliary verb "should"
  • He suggested me to go for a walk every morning. ☓
  • He suggested to me that I should go for a walk every morning. ✔

Shortcut Rule 20 : In the absence of an indirect 
object after "suggest" a gerund form is used.
  • He suggested going for a walk every morning. ✔

Shortcut Rule 21 : The verb "Tell" should be used 
with an object.
  • He told that he had passed in the test. ☓
  • He said that he had passed in the test (OR) ✔
  • He told me that he had passed in the Test. ✔

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