There are two kinds of conditionals
Real conditions are used for possible situations.
The present tense is used in the if – clause (or conditional clause), and the future tense is used in the result clause.
वास्तविक स्थितियों का उपयोग संभावित स्थितियों के लिए किया जाता है
If he comes to the library, I will give him these book.यदि वह पुस्तकालय में आता है, तो मैं उसे ये पुस्तक दूंगा
(it is possible that he will come यह संभव है कि वह आएगा )
* This is an Open Condition.
Unreal conditions are used for impossible or unreal situations. असत्य स्थितियों का उपयोग असंभव या असत्य स्थितियों के लिए किया जाता है
The past tense is used in the “If-clause” and would, could, or might, + the simple verb is used in the main clause.
- If she practiced well, she could win the game
That means She doesn’t practice well (check the difference between this example and the above
इसका मतलब है कि वह अच्छी तरह से अभ्यास नहीं करती है (इस उदाहरण और उपरोक्त के बीच अंतर की जांच करें
उदाहरण का उल्लेख किया गया है। )
- If she came to my house, I would give her your message.
That means, She doesn’t come to my house
* This is an unlikely condition.
When the past perfect is used in the “If-clause”, and would, could, or might + have + the past participle are used in the main clause.
If she had come to my house, I would have given her your message.
past perf. would + have + Past part
(she didn’t come to my house)
* This is a closed condition.
We can summarize the usage of the conditionals discussed above as given below :
If Clause. Main Clause
If + Present. Future (result)
If + Past. Would + Verb (result)
If + Past Perfect. Would + Have + Past Participle (result)
Some points to Remember :
- In general, avoid using would in the if-clause
- In present time unreal if – clauses, the correct form of the verb to be for all persons is were
Have a look at some Examples :
- If he were rich, he would go the U.S.A for higher studies.
- If i were a bird, I would fly to England without VISA.
Conditionals in Sentence Correction in Competitive Exams :
The following examples will make clear some of the common mistakes committed in the usage of conditionals.
- ☓If I will win the contest, I will buy a new house.
- ✔If I win the contest, I will buy a new house.
- ☓If I had been there, I would make a speech
- ✔If I were there, I would make a speech.
- ✔If I had been there, I would have made a speech.
- ☓If I would have a degree from that University, I would have a degree from that University, I would get a good job.
- ✔If I had a degree from that University, I would get a good Job.